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Westwood Periodontics
Westwood Periodontics

Westwood Periodontics
Your Westwood, NJ Dentist


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Dental Consequences of Periodontal Disease


Diagram of a healthy tooth versus a tooth with periodontitisPeriodontal disease, commonly known as gum disease, is not just a condition affecting the gums. It can have far-reaching consequences on both your overall and dental health. At Westwood Periodontics, we always emphasize the importance of understanding and addressing these consequences to maintain proper oral health.

So, what are the dental consequences of periodontal disease? Below, we explore in detail the various dental consequences of periodontal disease, their development, implications, and prevention strategies.

Tooth Loss


How it Occurs: Periodontal disease can lead to the weakening of the supporting structures of the teeth, causing them to become loose and, eventually, fall out. This is one of the most common results of untreated periodontal disease.

Prevention: Regular dental check-ups, professional cleanings, and maintaining good oral hygiene can help prevent this severe outcome. Early detection and prompt treatment are also key factors.

Gum Recession


How it Occurs: As gum disease progresses, the gums can recede, exposing more of the tooth and its root.

Consequences: Gum recession can lead to sensitivity, an increased risk of cavities on the root surfaces, and aesthetic concerns. As recession progresses, "pockets" or gaps, form between the teeth and gum line, making it easy for disease-causing bacteria to build up and further the disease.

Prevention: Early intervention of gum disease and adopting gentle brushing techniques can help prevent recession. More severe cases may require a scaling and root planing procedure.

Bone Loss


How it Occurs: As we previously discussed, the bacteria in periodontal disease can cause pockets to form beween the tooth and your gum tissue. Ultimately, these pockets allow the bacteria to spread infection to the jawbone, eading to its gradual loss.

Consequences: Bone loss can affect the stability of teeth and has implications for future dental restorations, like dental implants. Bone loss caused by peridontal disease is one of the many reasons why it can lead to tooth loss.

Prevention: Effective management of gum disease and considering treatments like bone grafting can mitigate or prevent bone loss.

Changes in Bite


How it Occurs: Loss of teeth and bone can lead to shifting teeth, altering the bite.

Consequences: Changes in bite can affect chewing, speech, and can even lead to temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders. TMJ is a painful condition in the jaw that may require further treatment.

Prevention: Addressing periodontal issues promptly and considering orthodontic treatments can help maintain a proper bite.

Impact on Esthetics


How it Occurs: Receding gums and tooth loss can significantly alter the appearance of your smile.

Consequences: These aesthetic changes can impact your self-esteem, and eventually, your overall quality of life.

Prevention: Regular periodontal care is, of course, the best way to prevent issues with esthetics. If esthetic issues due occur, there are a wide range of treatments options available to significantly improve your smile.

Increased Risk of Cavities


How it Occurs: The bacteria that causes gum recession produces acid that can damage oral structures. You may not notice any symptoms at first. But as the acid spreads deeper into the tooth, you could eventually experience severe toothache, sensitivity, and possible pain when chewing, all of which are symptoms of a cavity.

Prevention: Fluoride treatments and meticulous oral hygiene can reduce the risk of cavities. If cavities are already present, there are numerous treatment options, like fillings, designed to halt any progression.

Bad Breath (Halitosis)


How it Occurs: The bacteria involved in periodontal disease can produce odorous compounds. In fact, bad breath is one of the most common signs you may have periodontal disease.

Prevention: Good oral hygiene and professional dental care can manage and prevent halitosis. Flossing is perhaps one of the most neglected, yet easiest ways to prevent these issues.

Inflammation and Infection


How it Occurs: Periodontal disease is characterized by chronic inflammation and infection. Ultimately, this inflammation and infection can enter the blood stream and spread to other areas of the body, such as the heart and lungs.

Consequences: This can lead to persistent discomfort and can exacerbate systemic health conditions. In some instances, it can lead to very serious health consequences, such as pregnancy complications or heart disease.

Prevention: Regular periodontal checkups and treatments can help manage the progression of gum disease. Patients struggling with gum disease should always seek the help of a specialist like Dr. Gupta. Periodontists are uniquely qualified to handle these issues.

Schedule an Appointment Today!


One of our primary concerns as a periodontal practice is treating and preventing the consequences of periodontal disease. Dr. Gupta, with his extensive experience and expertise, ensures that each of her patients receives personalized care aimed at preserving their oral health and overall well-being.

In many instances, a proactive approach is the best approach. Call 201-664-3023 today to schedule your consultation and safeguard your periodontal health!

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Westwood Periodontics, 354 Old Hook Rd #201, Westwood, NJ 07675 + 201-664-3023 + westwoodperiodontics.com + 3/22/2024 + Associated Words: Periodontist Westwood NJ +